Atrophy: urethritis and vaginitis. Vaginal dryness in older women due to the depletion of oestrogen and loss of nourishment to the urethra and vagina.
Pharmaceuticals: (eg, those with α-adrenergic, cholinergic, or anticholinergic properties; diuretics; sedatives) some drugs may make the bladder neck in women, and the prostate in men lax, resulting in stress incontinence.
Psychiatric Disorders: depression is a contributor. Some of the medication used to treat psychiatric disorders can trigger stress, urge, mixed incontinence. However, some doctors do prescribe antidepressants as a treatment for stress incontinence.
Excess Urine: output (polyuria) and overflow incontinence.
Restricted Mobility: Disabled and patients sitting or lying in one position for prolonged periods of time, will fail to reach the toilet on time.
Systemic Disorders: such as diabetes can result in frequency, urge incontinence or/and nocturia.